Beztec Limited produces two models of Printers: the Lexon, which Beztec has produced since 2014 and sells for $990; and the Protox, a newer model introduced in 2016 that sells for $1254. Based on the following income statement for the year ended 31

Beztec Limited produces two models of Printers: the Lexon, which Beztec has produced since 2014 and sells for $990; and the Protox, a newer model introduced in 2016 that sells for $1254. Based on the following income statement for the year ended 31
  • Description

ACC200 term 2 2018 Assignment

 

Due: week 10 (see moodle)

 

Mark: 20%

 

Word count: 2000 words approximately. In a report format.

 

Beztec Limited produces two models of Printers: the Lexon, which Beztec has produced since 2014 and sells for $990; and the Protox, a newer model introduced in 2016 that sells for $1254. Based on the following income statement for the year ended 31 December 2017, senior management at Beztec have decided to concentrate marketing resources on the Protox model and to begin to phase out the Lexon model because the Protox generates a much bigger operating profit per unit.

 

Beztec Limited

Income statement for the financial year ended 31December 2017

 LexonProtoxTotal
Revenues$23 760 000$7524 000$31 284 000
Cost of goods sold15 048 000 5 266 80020 314 800
Gross margin8 712 0002 257 20010 969 200
Selling and administrative expense6 996 000 1 613 7008 609 700
Operating income$1 716 000 $643 500$2 359 500
Units produced and sold24 0006 000 
Operating income per unit sold$71.50$107.25 

 

Details for cost of goods sold for Lexon and Protox are:

 

 LexonProtox
CostsTotalPer unitTotalPer unit
Direct materials$5 491200$228.80$3 854 400$642.40
Direct production laboura475 20019.80277 20046.20
Machineb3 801 600158.40475 20079.20
Total direct$9 768 000$407.00$4 606 800$767.80
Production overheadc$5 280 000$220.00$660 000$110.00
Total cost of goods sold$15 048 000$627.00$5 266 800$877.80

 

a Lexon requires 1.5 hours per unit and Protox  requires 3.5 hours per unit. The direct production labour rate is $13.20 per hour.

bMachine costs include lease costs of the machine, repairs and maintenance. Lexon requires 8 machine-hours per unit and Protox requires 4 machine-hours per unit. The machine-hour rate is $19.80 per hour.

c Production overhead costs are allocated to products based on machine-hours at the rate of $27.50 per hour.

 

Beztec’s management accountant, Sue Smith, is advocating the use of activity-based costing and activity-based management and has gathered the following information about the company’s production overhead costs for the year ended 31December 2017.

 

 

 Activity-cost-driver quantities
Activity-cost driver (driver quantity)Total activity costsLexonProtoxTotal
Soldering (number of solder points)$1 1657251 333 125433 1251 766 250
Shipments (number of shipments)1 064 25018 2254 27522 500
Quality control (number of inspections)1 534 50063 22523 96387 188
Purchase orders (number of orders)1 176 12090 113123 727213 840
Machine power (machine-hours)71 280198 00018 000216 000
Machine set-ups (number of set-ups)928 12518 00015 75033 750
Total production overhead$5 9400 000   

 

After completing her analysis, Smith shows the results to Steven Kay, the CEO of Beztec. Kay does not like what he sees. ‘If you show headquarters this analysis, they are going to ask us to phase out the Protox line, which we have just introduced. This whole costing stuff has been a major problem for us. First, Lexon was not profitable and now Protox.

‘Looking at the ABC analysis, I see problems. First, we do many more activities than the ones you have listed. If you had included all activities, maybe your conclusions would be different. We can’t afford to phase out either product, please alter the costs produced by the ABC system.’

Smith knows that her numbers are fairly accurate. As a quick check, she calculates the profitability of Lexon and Protox using more and different activity drivers. The set of activities and activity rates she had used results in numbers that closely approximate those based on more detailed analyses. She is confident that headquarters, knowing that Protox was introduced only recently, will not phase out Protox. She is also aware that a sizeable portion of Kay’s bonus is based on division revenues. Phasing out either product would adversely affect his bonus. Still, she feels some pressure from Kay to do something. She asks for your advice.

 

 

 

 

Required

 

 

  1. Discuss the importance of accurate product costing. In your discussion you should highlight the problems associated with using traditional costing system which Beztec has been using.

 

  1. Calculate the cost driver rates for the various activities identified in the activity-based costing (ABC) system.

 

  1. Calculate the cost of each model under activity based costing.

 

  1. Complete a profitability analysis by calculating the gross profit and gross profit percentage per unit for both models under ABC system.

 

  1. Advise Smith on how she should respond to Kay’s suggestion that she alter the costs produced by the ABC system. You should discuss APES 110 Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants.

 

  1. Using a predetermined overhead rate to allocate overhead cost will most probably result in over/under allocation of overhead coats. Explain why this may happen and three ways to dispose the amount of over/under applied overhead costs.

Beztec Limited produces two models of Printers: the Lexon, which Beztec has produced since 2014 and sells for $990; and the Protox, a newer model introduced in 2016 that sells for $1254. Based on the following income statement for the year ended 31
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