Part1.

The stock of Gao Computing sells for $50, and last year’s dividend was $2.10. A flotation cost of 10% would be required to issue new common stock. Gao’s preferred stock pays a dividend of $3.30 per share, and new preferred stock could be sold at a price to net the company $30 per share. Security analysts are projecting that the common dividend will grow at a rate of 7% a year. The firm can issue additional long-term debt at an interest rate (or a before-tax cost) of 10%, and its marginal tax rate is 35%. The market risk premium is 6%, the risk-free rate is 6.5%, and Gao’s beta is 0.83. In its cost-of-capital calculations, Gao uses a target capital structure with 45% debt, 5% preferred stock, and 50% common equity.

a. Calculate the cost of each capital component-in other words, the after-tax cost of debt, the cost of preferred stock (including flotation costs), and the cost of equity (ignoring flotation costs). Use both the DCF method and the CAPM method to find the cost of equity.

b. Calculate the cost of new stock using the DCF model.

c. What is the cost of new common stock based on the CAPM?

d. Assuming that Gao will not issue new equity and will continue to use the same target capital structure, what is the company’s WACC?

e. Suppose Gao is evaluating three projects with the following characteristics.

(1) Each project has a cost of $1 million. They will all be financed using the target mix of long-term debt, preferred stock, and common equity. The cost of the common equity for each project should be based on the beta estimated for the project. All equity will come from reinvested earnings.

(2) Equity invested in Project A would have a beta of 0.5 and an expected return of 9.0%.

(3) Equity invested in Project B would have a beta of 1.0 and an expected return of 10.0%.

(4) Equity invested in Project C would have a beta of 2.0 and an expected return of 11.0%.

f. Analyze the company’s situation, and explain why each project should be accepted or rejected.

**Part 2**

The second model is for a project for Gardial Fisheries. Gardial Fisheries is considering two mutually exclusive investments. The projects’ expected net cash flows are as follows:

Expected Net Cash Flows

Year Project A Project B

0…………………−$375………………..−$575

1…………………..−300………………….190

2…………………..−200………………….190

3………………….−100………………….190

4……………………600………………….190

5……………………600………………….190

6……………………926………………….190

7………………….−200…………………….0

b. Construct NPV profiles for Projects A and B.

c. What is each project’s IRR?

d. What is the crossover rate, and what is its significance?

e. What is each project’s MIRR at a cost of capital of 12%? At r 18%?

f. What is the regular payback period for these two projects?

g. At a cost of capital of 12%, what is the discounted payback period for these two projects?

h. What is the profitability index for each project if the cost of capital is 12%?