[ANSWERED] Hiram’s Lakeside is a popular restaurant located on Lake Washington in Seattle


Hiram’s Lakeside is a popular restaurant located on Lake Washington in Seattle. The owner of the restaurant has been trying to better understand costs at the restaurant and has hired a student intern to conduct an activity-based costing study. The intern, in consultation with the owner, identified three major activities and then completed the first-stage allocations of costs to the activity cost pools. The results appear below.
Activity Cost Pool Activity Measure Total Cost Total Activity
Serving a party of diners Number of parties served 33,000 6,000 drinks
Serving a diner Number diners served 138,000 15,000 drinks
Serving drinks Number of drinks ordered 24,000 10,000 drinks

The above costs include all of the costs of the restaurant except for organization-sustaining costs such as
rent, property taxes, and top-management salaries.
A group of diners who ask to sit at the same table are counted as a party. Some costs, such as the costs
of cleaning linen, are the same whether one person is at a table or the table is full. Other costs, such as
washing dishes, depend on the number of diners served.
Prior to the activity-based costing study, the owner knew very little about the costs of the restaurant.
She knew that the total cost for the month (including organization-sustaining costs) was $240,000 and that
15,000 diners had been served. Therefore, the average cost per diner was $16.
Required:
1. According to the activity-based costing system, what is the total cost of serving each of the following
parties of diners?
a. A party of four diners who order three drinks in total.
b. A party of two diners who do not order any drinks.
c. A lone diner who orders two drinks.
2. Convert the total costs you computed in (1) above to costs per diner. In other words, what is the
average cost per diner for serving each of the following parties?
a. A party of four diners who order three drinks in total.
b. A party of two diners who do not order any drinks.
c. A lone diner who orders two drinks.
3. Why do the costs per diner for the three different parties differ from each other and from the overall
average cost of $16 per diner?

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