California Health Center, a for-profit hospital, is evaluating the purchase of new diagnostic equipment. The equipment, which costs $600,000, has an expected life of five years and an estimated pretax salvage value of $200,000 at that time. The equipment is expected to be used 15 times a day for 250 days a year for each year of the project’s life. On average, each procedure is expected to generate $80 in collections, which is net of bad debt losses and contractual allowances, in its first year of use. Thus, net revenues for Year 1 are estimated at 15 X 250 X $80 = $300,000. Labor and maintenance costs are expected to be $100,000 during the first year of operation, while utilities will cost another $10,000 and cash overhead will increase by $5,000 in Year 1. The cost for expendable supplies is expected to average $5 per procedure during the first year. All costs and revenues, except depreciation, are expected to increase at a 5 percent inflation rate after the first year. The equipment falls into the MACRS five-year class for tax depreciation and hence is subject to the following depreciation allowances: Year Allowance 1 0.2 2 0.32 3 0.19 4 0.12 5 0.11 6 0.06 The hospital’s tax rate is 40 percent, and its corporate cost of capital is 10 percent. a. Estimate the project’s net cash flows over its five-year estimated life. b. What are the project’s NPV and IRR? (Assume that the project has average risk.)
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