Christ – The Deity
I. The Third Sign (John 5:1–16)
A. The setting (John 5:1–5). “Some time later, Jesus went up to Jerusalem for the feast of the Jews. Now there is in Jerusalem near the sheep gate a pool, which in Aramaic is called Bethesda and which is surrounded by five covered colonnades. Here a great number of disabled people used to lie—the blind, the lame, and the paralyzed. For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, and troubled the water: whosoever then first after the troubling of the water stepped in was made whole of whatsoever disease he had. One who was there had been an
invalid for thirty-eight years.”
1. Begins the chapter with the familiar expression meta tauta “after this”
a) Two points
(1) Feast of the Jews – this is the _____________________
(2:13; 5:1; 6:4 and 11:5).
(a) Some say this is not a Passover.
(b) In John 6:4 seems to indicate The Feast is the
(2) Jesus goes up – Jerusalem is one of the
b) John mentions two weeks in Samaria and Galilee but is silent for
50 weeks of the life of Jesus. WHY?
(1) John is not writing a _____________________ of the life
(2) John is writing about _____________________. John will write very selectively. After this miracle he will skip
another 50 weeks.
c) Deut. 16:16. “Three times a year all your men must appear before the Lord your God at the place he will choose: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks, and the Feast of Tabernacles. No man should appear before the Lord empty-
(1) Every male must go up _____________________.
(2) During Passover the population would swell to well over
a) Pool today probably is the Bethesda pool but we are not absolutely
b) It was the place were the lambs would be
_____________________. Sick people around a dirty pool.
c) The pool is though to be approximately 20’ x 30’ times two.
d) The pool had 4 porches and one that was straight across the middle
e) It was bout 30’ down to the water with only one stair case about 24” wide. There was no way to be on the edge and
f) It is near the sheep gate, _____________________.
g) Normally there would have been two or three hundred by the pool
it is thought that at Passover time the number grew to
h) Bethesda – _____________________.
i) Verse 4 is not included in the NIV the scripture above is from the KJV. Some authorities claim it was added to the text at a later
(1) It was added to explain a prevailing opinion of the people,
i.e., and _____________________.
(2) Maybe it _____________________ and people kept
(3) Maybe it happened _____________________.
(4) God deals in grace and relationship not
(5) Some say it was removed from the text for it supported pagan ideas concerning angels giving special powers to
sacred rivers and streams.
(6) Barclay, who is anti-miraculous, said a
_____________________ caused the stirring.
j) There is no historical basis for this belief in verse 4. There is no recorded instance of a healing connected with the pool. And there is no recorded instance of any angel ever being involved in a
4. A certain man – Jesus went there for one man. Why did He heal only one
and not the multitude? _____________________.
5. Augustine’s allegory
a) Man – Israel
b) Five porches – the law that bears the sick but
c) 38 years – _____________________.
d) Water – Christian baptism
B. The sign (John 5:6–9). “When Jesus saw him lying there and learned that he had been in this condition for a long time, he asked him, ‘Do you want to get well?’ ‘Sir,’ the invalid replied, ‘I have no one to help me in the pool when the water is stirred. While I am trying to get in, someone else goes down ahead of me.’ Then Jesus said to he, ‘Get up! Pick up your mat and walk.’ At once the man was cured; he picked up his mat and walked. The day on which this took place was a
1. John emphasized the special knowledge of Jesus.
a) Saw one man and know (gnos) often used of
2. The question
a) Will – theleis – are you _____________________ to be made
b) His hope had deteriorated and instead of answering the question
c) Today instead of putting faith into action, we
d) Why Him?
(1) This was the only man with no hope. Others had
(2) Jesus helps those who have no hope and cry out
e) Why did Jesus ask the question? Jesus was trying to stir
a) “I have no man.” – “There is no one around to help me.” –
dependence upon _____________________.
b) “When the water is troubled.” – “The condition just are not right
for a miracle.” – dependence on _____________________.
c) “To put me into the pool.” – “This is the wrong place to expect God to do a miracle – limiting God to work only in
d) “While I am coming, another steppeth down before me.” – “Someone always seems to be getting in my way or hindering the
situation.” – _____________________.
e) “The same day was the Sabbath.” (John 5:9) – “These are not the days of great miracles.” – limiting God to having only worked
during a _____________________.
4. Egeire – present active imperative and was used as popular exclamation similar to the expression of a parent calling a lazy child to “_____________________.” We must put _____________________ on
5. Why did the Lord ask him to do the impossible?
a) You are asked to do what you can’t do, to show that _____________________. No man can repent but God tells us to
repent so we will put our dependence on Him.
b) By walking the crowd got the lesson.
c) Jesus asked us to define the law so we can
C. The sequel (John 5:10–16). “And so the Jews said to the man who had been healed, ‘It is the Sabbath; the law forbids you to carry your mat.’ But he replied, ‘The man who made me well said to me, ‘Pick up your mat and walk.’ So they asked him, ‘who is this fellow who told you to pick it up and walk?’ The man who was healed had no idea who it was, for Jesus had slipped away into the crowd that was there. Later Jesus found him at the temple and said to him, ‘See, you are well again. Stop sinning or something worse may happen to you.’ The man went away and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him well. So,
because Jesus was doing these things on the Sabbath, the Jews persecuted him.”
1. The Jews were more concerned about the _____________________ than
2. Jesus’ life
a) First year _____________________.
b) Second year the _____________________.
c) Third year _____________________.
3. John begins to more consistently identify a group know as “the Jews” as
4. The man does not know who healed him.
5. The Pharisees were not interested in the written law but the
6. Was it wrong for a recently healed lame man to carry his bed on a
a) “Six days do your work, but on the seventh day do not work, so that your ox and your donkey may rest and the slave born in your
household, and the alien as well, may be refreshed” (Ex. 23:12).
b) “When evening shadows fell on the gates of Jerusalem before the Sabbath, I ordered the doors to be shut and not opened until the Sabbath was over. I stationed some of my own men at the gates so
that no load could be brought in on the Sabbath day” (Neh. 13:19).
c) “This is what the Lord says: ‘Be careful not to carry a load on the Sabbath day or bring it through the gates of Jerusalem.’” (Jer.
d) None of the Scriptures in context would condemn this action although a legalistic interpretation would get the man stoned to
e) Mishna – a man could not be accused of violating the Sabbath unless he had first been given a warning. There was no warning
given the man had not walked in 38 years.
7. Heruiskei – found – Jesus had to search for the man. It is hard to know what Jesus had in mind when he spoke of a condition worse than 38 years of illness. He had not necessarily been lame all his life; he has been lame
38 years and the problem _____________________.
8. The man told the Jews. He was probably honest and unaware of the great
opposition. He probably thought they _____________________.
9. Beginning at this point, the Jews will try for _____________________.
10. This may have been the man’s first time to go this far in the temple. A lame man could not have gone in. The first place he went was
_____________________, i.e., _____________________.
Why the Jews Opposed Jesus
a) He Cleansed the Temple (2:18)
b) His extreme popularity (4:1)
c) He healed a man on the Sabbath (5:16)
d) He made Himself equal with God (5:18)
e) They were not of God (8:44–47)
f) He identified Himself and the I AM (8:58–59)
g) He was a Galilean (9:29)
h) He claimed to be the Son of God (10:31–33)
i) They were losing Power over people to Him (11:48)
j) They feared Rome would destroy the nation if He succeeded (11:48–53)
II. The Three Claims of Christ (John 5:17–24)
A. Equal with God _____________________. (John 5:17–18). “Jesus said to them ‘My Father is always at his work to this very day, and I, too, am working.’ For this reason the Jews tired all the harder to kill him; not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with
1. My Father (ho pater mou) a _____________________ with God in nature.
2. We commonly use this phrase but _____________________.
3. Idion – a unique expression, unique son and I am just like Him. This is the application of Psalm 2:7, “I will proclaim the decree of the Lord: He
said to me, ‘You are my Son; today I have become your Father.’”
4. Because I am equal with the Father _____________________.
B. Equal with God _____________________ (John 5:19–21). “Jesus gave them this answer: ‘I tell you the truth, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does. For the father lovest the son and shows him all he does. Yes, to your amazement he will show him even greater things than these. For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom he
is pleased to give it.’”
1. Philei – the ultimate and affectionate _____________________ the Father
had for the Son.
2. Greater works – erga – Resurrection spiritual and physical. This is
probably the _____________________. Works are not always miracles.
3. Jesus was equal to the Father for they both had
4. When Jesus perceives resistance He uses Amen Amen, i.e.,
C. Equal with God _____________________ (John 5:22–24). “Moreover, the Father judges no one, but has entrusted all judgment to the Son, that all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father, who sent him. ‘I tell you the truth, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be condemned; he has
crossed over from death to life.’”
1. Jesus is _____________________.
2. Dedoken v. 22 – given – present indicative active form indicating a
3. The Son is worthy of the_____________________ timosin – v. 23 present
active subjunctive meaning, “may keep on honoring the Son.”
4. Verse 24 – Believes – present tense – echei, hears and believes is
_____________________ of every one who hears and believes.
III. The Three Acts of Christ (John 5:25–29)
A. All life is _____________________ (John 5:25–26). “I tell you the truth, a time is coming and has now come when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God and those who hear will live. For as the Father has life in himself, so he has
granted the Son to have life in Himself.”
1. Is this spiritually dead or physically dead?
2. Edoken – he gave – aorist pointing back to _____________________.
3. Jesus performed miracles many ways but when He raised the dead
4. Jesus resuscitated, He regenerates, He resurrects
B. All judgment is _____________________ (John 5:27). “And he has given him
authority to judge because he is the Son of Man.”
1. The Son of man _____________________ not the Father.
2. Jesus knows what it is like _____________________.
C. All resurrection is _____________________. (John 5:28–29). “Do not be amazed at this, for a time is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice and come out—those who have done good will rise to live, and those who have
done evil will rise to be condemned.”
1. Two words for grave in the New Testament.
a) Taphos – the ideas of burial.
b) Mnemeiois – used her – _____________________.
2. The two resurrections
a) Hora – hour – some think the two resurrections are really one general resurrection. Hour is a _____________________ not 60
b) One resurrection to life occurs at the _____________________. Rev. 20:4. “I saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony for Jesus and because of the Word of God. They had not worshiped the beast of his image and had not received his mark on their foreheads or their
hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ a thousand
c) The resurrection to damnation is _____________________, Rev. 20:5. “(The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand
years were ended). This is the first resurrection.”
IV. The Four Witnesses to Christ (John 5:30–47)
“By myself I can do nothing; I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just, for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me. If I testify about myself, my testimony is not valid. There is another who testifies in my favor, and I know that his testimony about me
is valid.” (John 5:30–38)
A. First witness: _____________________ (John 5:33–35). “You have sent to John and he has testified to the truth. Not that I accept human testimony; but I mention it that you may be saved. John was a lamp that burned and gave light, and you
chose for a time to enjoy his light.”
1. John was a light _____________________?
2. Jesus’ witness alone was not enough because the Jews would not accept it therefore He will give twice as many witnesses as they require to verify
His claims. _____________________.
3. John was a faithful witness to Jesus (1:19–27).
4. If the Jews had accepted John _____________________.
5. John is mentioned in the past tense suggesting John is either imprisonment
or more probably death.
B. Second witness: _____________________. (John 5:36). “I have testimony weightier than that of John. For the very work that the Father has given me to
finish, and which I am doing, testifies that the Father has sent me.”
1. Jesus is referring to His _____________________.
2. Jesus is probably referring to the _____________________.
C. Third witness: _____________________ (John 5:37–38). “And the Father who sent me has Himself testified concerning Me. You have never heard His voice nor seen His form, nor does His word dwell in you, for you do not believe the
one He sent.”
1. Three possible expressions of the witness of the Father.
a) Barclay identifies this statement with a _____________________ noting, “His witness is the response which rises in the human heart
when a man is confronted with Jesus.”
b) Pink and Calvin identify the witness of the Father with _____________________. “We think that Christ refers, rather to the witness which the Father had borne to His Son through the
prophets during Old Testament times.”
c) Chrysostom, Bengel and others that it refers to the statement of the
D. Fourth witness: _____________________ (John 5:39–47). “You diligently study the Scriptures because you think that by them you possess eternal life. These are the Scriptures that testify about me, yet you refuse to come to me to have life. I do not accept praise from men, but I know you. I know that you do not have the love of God in your heart. I have come in my Father’s name, and you do not accept me; but if someone else comes in his own name, you will accept him. How can you believe if you accept praise from one another, yet make no effort to obtain the praise that comes from the only God? But do not think I will accurse you before the Father. Your accuser is Moses, on whom your hopes are set. If you believe Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me. But since you
do not believe what he wrote, how are you going to believe what I say?”
1. Tas graphas – The Old Testament _____________________. If scripture
singular then a particular verse.
2. Doneitie – suggests that they were wrong when they thought they had eternal life in knowing the scriptures. In rejecting Jesus
3. This is the first of seven references to the _____________________ in this
gospel. 5:43; 10:25; 12:28; 17:6, 11, 12, 26.
4. Not only did Moses testify of Him he would also
1. How long had it been since the end of Chapter four?
2. What was the purpose of the pool in Bethesda?
3. Explain the troubling of the water.
4. Why did Jesus choose this one person out of all the sick?
5. Why did Jesus ask the lame man to do what he couldn’t do?
6. Explain the phrase, “My Father,” in verse 17.
7. List he three claims by Christ.
8. List the three acts of Christ.
9. List the four witnesses to Christ.
Christ – The Bread of Life
I. The Feast of Jesus (John 6:1–5)
A. The setting and time (John 6:1–4). “Some time after this, Jesus crossed to the far shore of the Sea of Galilee (that is, the Sea of Tiberias), and a great crowd of people followed him because they saw the miraculous signs he had performed on
the sick. The Jesus went up on a mountainside and sat down with his disciples.
The Jewish Passover Feast was near.”
1. Longest chapter of John
2. The most popular of Jesus’ recorded 37 miracles.
a) It is the only one that ____________________.
b) It is the miracle that ____________________.
3. Covers a 24 hours period
a) Fed 5,000
c) Taught in a synagogue on the bread of life.
d) Multitudes ____________________.
e) Multitudes ____________________.
f) About ____________________ since chapter 5. This was the year of popularity.
4. Begins again with meta tanat ____________________
5. Most of Jesus time in the synoptic gospels was spent in Galilee where
Jesus had a ____________________
6. Ekolouthei – imperfect tense that suggests the crowds generally followed
7. Sea of Galilee
a) ____________________ Normally the name indicates where the
action is taking place.
b) Cities on the sea
(1) Capernaum walled city ____________________
(2) Tiberias, walled city hot springs were located here.
8. The Mountain – used a definite article there was a particular hill in mind.
9. Why John mentions the Passover in John 6:4.
a) John is careful ____________________.
b) It explains ____________________.
c) It gives a ____________________.
d) It explains why there were ____________________.
10. 5,000 men – it is Passover time (6:4), normally the men went and the
women and children would stay home.
11. This miracle sets the background for His sermon on
12. The obedient Jews were going to Jerusalem for a feast presided over by unbelieving priests and temple leaders. Jesus knew that the multitudes would not have their spiritual needs met so He sets up a true feast in
opposition to their empty feasts.
13. Compare the two feasts
a) Jesus’ feast
(1) Simple – ____________________.
(2) Surrounded by ____________________.
(3) Fills ____________________.
b) Feast of the Jews
(2) Surrounded by ____________________.
c) Fills ____________________, there were unsaved people
14. Why did Jesus feed them?
a) Not because ____________________, fasting was a religious thing
b) He wanted to ____________________ the inner simplicity of
relationship to God with the outer rituals of the Temple.
B. The need identified (John 6:5–9). “When Jesus looked up and saw a great crowd coming toward him, he said to Philip, ‘Where shall we buy bread for these people to eat?’ He asked this only to test him, for he already had in mind what he was going to do. Philip answered him, ‘eight months’ wages would not buy enough bread for each one to have a bite!’ Another of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, spoke up, ‘Here is a boy with five small barley loaves and two
small fish, but how far will they go among so many?’”
1. Why Philip?
a) Philip was raised in this area and might have
b) Leader of the ____________________. Philip’s responsibility.
c) Jesus asked Philip ____________________ (John 6:6).
2. Philip’s response suggests he ____________________. Rather than realizing he was in the presence of the Son of God who turned water to wine, Philip became over whelmed. Jesus was looking
for ____________________ and got ____________________.
3. Andrew is always ____________________.
4. 200 denari – denarius was a Roman coin worth a day’s wages for a
5. Andrew, a ____________________ with a ____________________.
6. Miracle mentioned in all the gospels but only John mentions the boy.
Paidarion – a double diminutive meaning a ____________________.
7. Fish – opsaria – also in the diminutive, they were probably a couple of
____________________ that were caught in abundance there.
a) Generally considered ____________________ by the people of the
b) It is low in ____________________ as compared to wheat.
c) It was called the food ____________________.
d) Food of soldiers being punished for losing their standard in battle.
e) Barley bread would have ____________________.
9. We need to bring to Jesus what we have and let ____________________.
Jesus will use the ____________________.
10. Reasons for the feeding of the 5,000.
a) They were ____________________ and had traveled a long way.
b) He wanted to show ____________________.
c) An opportunity ____________________.
d) He wanted to ____________________ his ministry with the
emptiness of the Jews in Jerusalem.
C. The miracle accomplished (John 6:10–13). “Jesus said, ‘Have the people sit down.’ There was plenty of grass in that place, and the men sat down, about five thousand of them. Jesus then took the loaves, gave thanks, and distributed to those who were seated as much as they wanted. He did the same with the fish. When they had all had enough to eat, he said to his disciples, ‘Gather the pieces that are left over. Let nothing be wasted.’ So they gathered them and filled twelve baskets with the pieces of the five barley loaves left over by those who had
1. Principles of spiritual operation.
a) The order – God is the God of order and not confusion. 1 Cor. 14:33, 40. “For God is not a God of disorder but of peace. As in all the congregations of the saints. But everything should be done
in a fitting and orderly way.”
(1) Andres – men as ____________________.
b) Jesus gave thanks.
(1) Eucharistesas – The source of the word eucharist means thanks referring to the Jewish custom of saying grace before meals. “Blessed are thou Jehovah our God, King of
the World, who causes to come forth bread from the earth.”
c) The law of ____________________ is emphasized – God does not do for us what we can do for ourselves and reserves for Himself
that task that only he can do.
(1) It was customary for the guest at a feast to leave some
(2) Kophinoi – bottle shaped basket used by traveling Jews.
d) God is always willing to use what we ____________________.
e) No one ever goes away ____________________ from the Lord,
God always meets your needs.
2. God is concerned with preservation in both ____________________ and
3. Where did the miracle take place?
a) Some say in ____________________ the more He broke the more
there was. Would Jesus have broken this 5,000 + times?
b) Some say in the ____________________.
c) Some say in the ____________________. The bread multiplied in
d) Scriptures do ____________________. As Jesus spoke bread filled each basket, the miracle took place in the baskets. Jesus
filled them and they stayed filled.
4. Left over
a) Bottle basket used in travel.
b) One basket left over for ____________________.
5. Principle – give to others first and there will be plenty
D. The response of the multitude (John 6:14–15). “After the people saw the miraculous sign that Jesus did, they began to say, ‘Surely this is the prophet who is to come into the world.’ Jesus, knowing that they intended to come and make
him king by force, withdrew again to a mountain by himself.”
1. Some say the crowd identified Jesus as the prophet ____________________. Deut. 18:15. “The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own brothers. You must listen
2. NOTE: It does not say the crowd believed on Him, but that His miracles fulfilled the prophecy. They have a very shallow interpretation of the
3. Some say the crowd identified Jesus as ____________________ who would find the Ark of the Covenant and give the people manna from the
pot in the Ark.
4. They however were quick to identify Jesus as the messiah and tried to start
a political revolt.
5. Mellusin – present active indicative suggesting the leaders of the group were already starting the movement. We can fight and Jesus can feed us
and we can defeat the Romans.
6. Harpazein – to seize ____________________.
II. The Protection of Jesus (John 6:16–21)
“When evening came, his disciples went down to the lake, where they got into a boat and set off across the lake for Capernaum. By now, it was dark, and Jesus had not yet joined them. A strong wind was blowing and the waters grew rough. When they had rowed three or three and a half miles, they saw Jesus approaching the boat, walking on the water; and they were terrified. But he said to them, ‘It is I; don’t be afraid.’ Then they were willing to take Him into the boat, and immediately the boat reached the shore where
they were heading.”
A. Sea of Galilee – only a six or seven mile trip to Capernaum but it can be
dangerous. Mt. Hermon 7,000+’ and the sea –700’.
B. The disciples were about three and one-half miles in their journey. The crowd is heading to Jerusalem the disciples are heading the opposite way toward
C. Diegeireto – imperfect passive form of wake up, ____________________.
D. Epi – on, by, or along. It would be rather hard to see Jesus walk on the shore, along the lake three and one-half miles away at night in a storm.
E. Ego eime – ____________________.
F. Miraculous arrival at the shore
III. Christ – The Bread of Life (John 6:22–34)
A. The crowd searches and finds Jesus (John 6:22–24). “The next day the crowd that had stayed on the opposite shore of the lake realized that only one boat had been there, and that Jesus had not entered it with his disciples, but that they had gone away alone. Then some boats from Tiberias landed near the place where the people had eaten the bread after the Lord had given tanks. Once the crowd realized that neither Jesus nor his disciples were there, they got into the boats and
went to Capernaum in search of Jesus.”
1. Reasons this happened on Saturday.
a) The lesson on manna was appointed to be read at the ____________________ and this appears to have been Jesus’
b) Some early manuscripts add “____________________.”
B. Jesus answers questions from the crowd (John 6:25–31). “When they found him on the other side of the lake, they asked him, ‘Rabbi, when did you get there?’ Jesus answered, ‘I tell you the truth, you are looking for me, not because you saw miraculous signs but because you ate the loaves and had your fill. Do not work for food that spills, but for food that endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you. On him God the father has placed his seal of approval.’ Then they asked him, ‘What must we do to do the works God requires?’ Jesus answered, ‘The work of God is this: to believe in the one he has sent.’ So they asked him, ‘What miraculous sign then will you give that we may see it and believe you? What will you do? Our forefathers ate the manna in the desert; as it is written:
‘He gave them bread form heaven to eat.’”
1. Question one – verse 25 – ____________________?
2. Answer – verse 26 – Jesus answer – “____________________.”
It was widely believed that Jeremiah had hidden the jar of manna kept in the ark and the Messiah would reveal Himself by producing the hidden manna. Rev. 2:17, “He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes, I will give some of the hidden manna. I will also give him a white stone with a new name written on it, known only to him who receives.” As the first redeemer so was the final redeemer; as the first redeemer caused the manna to fall from heaven, even so shall the second redeemer cause the manna to fall.”
(1) Manna was thought to be ____________________.
(2) Manna was one of ____________________ in the Old
b) Manna as a type of Christ.
(a) ____________________ through the meditation of
(b) Given ____________________, ceased when Israel
(c) Given ____________________.
(d) Sustained ____________________ until they died.
(a) ____________________ given directly by God.
(b) Given ____________________.
(c) Given to the ____________________.
(d) Sustains ____________________ forever.
3. Question two – verse 28, “How can we do a miracle like this?”
4. Answer two – verse 29 – “____________________.”
5. Question three – verse 30–31, “Give us a sign that we may believe.” He has already fed them, which was a sign. We think more people will be saved if they could see miracles – not so. They would then say, give me a
C. The bread of ____________________ (John 6:32–34). “Jesus said to them, ‘I tell you the truth, it is not Moses who has given you the bread from heaven, but it is my Father who gives you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is he who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.’ ‘Sir,’ they said, ‘from
now on give us this bread.’”
1. They, like the woman at the well, were thinking of their
2. Katabainon – he who came down from heaven – is used seven times in
3. Chrysostom – manna brought nourishment but it failed to
D. The bread of ____________________ (John 6:35–36). “Then Jesus declared, ‘I am the bread of life. He who comes to me will never go hungry, and he who believes in me will never be thirsty. But as I told you, you have seen me and still
you do not believe.’”
1. Here is the first of the seven I AM’s.
2. Erchomenos – the first act of the soul in approaching Jesus with
3. John does not use the word repent but is ____________________.
4. Pisteuon – a continuous relation of trust after coming.
E. The bread of ____________________. (John 6:37–47). “‘All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never drive away. For I have come down from heaven not to do My will but to do the will of Him who sent Me. And this is the will of Him who sent me, that I shall lose none of all that He has given Me, but raise them up at the last day.’ For my Father’s will is that everyone who looks to the Son and believes in Him shall have eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day.’ At this the Jews began to grumble about him because he said, ‘I am the bread that came down from heaven.’ ‘They said, Is this not Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How can he now say, “I came down from heaven’?” ‘Stop grumbling among yourselves,’ Jesus answered. ‘No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him, and I will raise him up at the last day. It is written in the Prophets: they will all be taught by God. Everyone who listens to the Father and learns from him comes to Me. No one has seen the Father except the one who is from God; only he has seen the Father. I tell you the truth, he who believes has everlasting life.’”
1. Raise him up – is used three times here.
2. As none of the fragments of barley was lost so ____________________.
3. Suro – literally means to drag and is used of Paul when he was dragged from Lystra in Acts 14:19. This word is never used of Christ’s attraction of men but helkusei – ____________________ and always implies some
form of resistance.
4. The logical order of salvation in John 6:35–65.
a) The Father draws by ____________________ as an attractive
alternative to sin and its end (6:37).
b) The sinner ____________________ (contemplates) the gracious
offer of the Father (6:40).
c) The sinner ____________________ the atoning work of Christ for his salvation (6:40). Rejecting of Christ at this point ends the
saving process at least temporarily.
d) The repentant sinner ____________________ for the purpose of
e) The sinner evidences his heart ____________________ by coming
to Jesus (6:35, 65).
f) The sinner embraces Christ ____________________ as Savior
g) The disciple is embraced by Christ ____________________ (6:37,
h) The disciple enjoys a ____________________ with Christ during
his life (6:54, 56).
i) Disciples shall be ____________________ (6:39, 40, 44, 54).
F. The bread of ____________________. (John 6: 48–59). “‘I am the bread of life. Your forefathers ate the manna in the desert, yet they died. But here is the bread that comes down from heaven, which a man may eat and not die. I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.’ Then the Jews began to argue sharply among themselves, ‘How can this man give us his flesh to eat?’ Jesus said to them, ‘I tell you the truth, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. Whoever eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. Whoever eats by flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in him. Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me. This is the bread that came down from heaven. Your forefathers ate manna and died, but he who feeds on this bread will live forever. He said this while teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum.’”
1. One is ____________________ (salvation) the other is
2. Two words for eat.
a) One aorist – eat once – ____________________.
b) Verse 54 more the word munching, ____________________.
IV. Responses to Jesus (John 6:60–71)
A. The unbelieving ____________________ (John 6:60–66). “On hearing it, many of his disciple said, ‘This is a hard teaching. Who can accept it?’ Aware that his disciples were grumbling about this Jesus said to them, ‘Does this offend you? What if you see the son of Man ascend to where he was before! The Spirit gives life; the flesh counts for nothing. The words I have spoken to you are Spirit and they are life. Yet there are some of you who do not believe.’ For Jesus had known from the beginning which of them did not believe and who would betray him. He went on to say, ‘This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless the Father has enabled him.’ From this time many of his disciples turned
back and no longer followed him.”
1. This was a hard message not ____________________.
2. Disciples – more than the 12 ____________________, seventy others.
3. Look at the attitude of people to the words of Jesus.
4. The primary response to this sermon was ____________________.
5. Rejection was no surprise to Jesus (6:64) ____________________.
B. The believing ____________________ (John 6:67–69). “‘You do not want to leave too, do you?’ Jesus asked the Twelve. Simon Peter answered him, ‘Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life. We believe and know
that you are the Holy One of God.’”
1. Question could be translated. “You do not wish to go away too, do you?”
2. We have come to believe and know and still ____________________.
C. The professing ____________________ (John 6:70–71). “Then Jesus replied, ‘Have I not chosen you, the Twelve? Yet one of you is a devil!’ (He meant Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, who, though one of the Twelve, was later to
1. Diabolos – slanderous – ____________________.
2. The disciples were aware of a “devil” in their midst for at least a year but they were unable to identify Judas as the one. Why?
3. Iscariot – a man from Kerioth – a town settled by the tribe of Judah. Judas appears to be the only one of the twelve that was not a native of Galilee. He came from Judah the country ____________________. Judas was
Greek for Judah.
4. What kind of man was Judas?
a) Some say he was the ____________________.
b) Probably the ____________________, the most trusted, (they
gave him the money bag), and the most respected.
1. Why is the feeding of the 5,000 the most popular miracle performed by Christ?
2. Why does John mention the Passover in verse 4?
3. Why did Jesus ask Philip about bread?
4. What is revealed about Andrew’s temperament from this chapter?
5. What was the total amount of people that Jesus fed?
6. Where did the miracle occur?
7. What was the response of the multitude to the miracle?
8. What is the first “I am”?
9. What day of the week was it that Christ taught in the synagogue?
10. Why did Christ refer to the manna?
11. What was the theme of the sermon preached in this chapter?
12. Who left Jesus after the sermon? Why?
13. Who remained with Jesus after the sermon? Why?
14. What is known about Judas in this chapter?