C program to develop multi-process programs. Extend the myshell.c program and add pipelines and I/O redirections. In particular, your shell program should recognize the following:

SourceFile and MakeFile

C program to develop multi-process programs. Extend the myshell.c program and add pipelines and I/O redirections. In particular, your shell program should recognize the following:

1- “>” Redirects standard output from a command to a file. Note: if the file already exist, it will be erased and overwritten without warning.
For example:
COP4338$ ls > 1
COP4338$ sort myshell.c > 2

Note that you’re not supposed to implement the unix commands (ls, sort, …). You do need to implement the shell that invoke these commands and you need to “wire” up the standard input and output so that they “chain” up as expected

2- “>>” Appends standard output from a command to a file if the file exists; if the file does not exist, create one.
For example:
COP4338$ sort myshell.c >> 1
COP4338$ echo “Add A Line” >> 1

3- “<" Redirects the standard input to be from a file, rather than the keyboard. For example: COP4338$ sort < myshell.c COP4338$ sort < myshell.c > 1
COP4338$ sort > 1 < myshell.c The second and third commands are the same: the sort program reads the file named myshell.c as standard input, sorts it, and then writes to the standard output to file named 1. 4- "|" Passes the standard output of one command to another for further processing. For example: COP4338$ ls | sort COP4338$ sort < myshell.c | grep main | cat > output

Make sure you have your parent process to fork the children and ‘wire’ them up using pipes accordingly

Also, there could be more than two commands chained by pipes, like the second example above. Make sure multiple pipes work on one command line

Your program needs to provide necessary sanity-check from the user input. Prompt meaningful errors accordingly.

use strtok() functions to separate the tokens and use strstr() to locate sub-strings

Prompt is COP4338$

Typing ‘make’ at the command line should create executable named minishell

Makefile should include a clean target which removes all temporary files

Add comments throughout the body and describing each function in minishell.c
===========================================================
myshell.c

#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#define MAX_ARGS 20
#define BUFSIZ 1024
int get_args(char* cmdline, char* args[])
{
int i = 0;
/* if no args */
if((args[0] = strtok(cmdline, “\n\t “)) == NULL)
return 0;
while((args[++i] = strtok(NULL, “\n\t “)) != NULL) {
if(i >= MAX_ARGS) {
printf(“Too many arguments!\n”);
exit(1);
}
}
/* the last one is always NULL */
return i;
}
void execute(char* cmdline)
{
int pid, async;
char* args[MAX_ARGS];
int nargs = get_args(cmdline, args);
if(nargs <= 0) return; if(!strcmp(args[0], "quit") || !strcmp(args[0], "exit")) { exit(0); } /* check if async call */ if(!strcmp(args[nargs-1], "&")) { async = 1; args[--nargs] = 0; } else async = 0; pid = fork(); if(pid == 0) { /* child process */ execvp(args[0], args); /* return only when exec fails */ perror("exec failed"); exit(-1); } else if(pid > 0) { /* parent process */
if(!async) waitpid(pid, NULL, 0);
else printf(“this is an async call\n”);
} else { /* error occurred */
perror(“fork failed”);
exit(1);
}
}
int main (int argc, char* argv [])
{
char cmdline[BUFSIZ];

for(;;) {
printf(“COP4338$ “);
if(fgets(cmdline, BUFSIZ, stdin) == NULL) {
perror(“fgets failed”);
exit(1);
}
execute(cmdline) ;
}
return 0;
}
===========================================================
minishell.c

//code here
===========================================================
Makefile

//code here

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