Bias and Ethical Reporting of Results

In the debate on the costs and benefits of using test scores to render decisions, opponents of tests have pointed out the intrinsic and extrinsic biases inherent in many tests. In addition, when reporting test results, ethical standards require that a test administrator disclose the properties along with the limitations of the tests they use.


In a minimum of 200 words, respond to the following:

  • Explain the differences between intrinsic and extrinsic bias.
  • What are some ways in which test constructors can reduce both types of bias?
  • According to Sue and Ritter (2013), what are the systematic steps in reporting survey results? What are some of the ethical considerations in reporting results?

1. Cite all sources in APA format.

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